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Three Comprehensive
Cannabis Extraction Solutions

Ethanol Extraction - Supercritical CO2 Extraction - BHO Extraction

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Cryogenic Ethanol Extractor

The cryogenic ethanol extraction technique mainly uses ethanol as the solvent to proceed with cannabis/hemp extraction.

Capacity per hour: 18.7 - 520 lbs

Capacity per batch: 7.5 - 260 lbs

Solvent removal efficiency: up to 97%

Turnkey solution provided

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Supercritical CO2 Extractor

The closed-loop butane extraction technique mainly uses carbon dioxide (CO2) as the solvent to proceed with cannabis/hemp extraction.

Max pressure: 50 Mpa (7250 PSI)

Throughput per day: 5 - 15000 lbs

Solvent removal efficiency: up to 95%

Turnkey solution provided

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Closed Loop BHO Extractor

The closed-loop butane extraction technique mainly uses butane ( or propane & isobutane) as the solvent to proceed with cannabis/hemp extraction.

Max pressure: 1.38 Mpa (200 PSI)

Capacity per batch: 5 - 80 lbs

Cannabinoids & terpene removal efficiency: up to 97%

Turnkey solution provided

A Guideline to The Differences in Three Cannabis Extraction

There are different extraction methods on the market to process cannabis/hemp, but generally, it can be concluded into three most common ways: ethanol extraction, supercritical/subcritical fluid extraction, and closed-loop BHO extraction. No matter which extraction method you want to use, they are all processed with solvent. Before making a choice, you might be wondering what are the key differences among them. Please check the below content, which may help you with making the right and suitable decisions for your business.

  • Cryogenic Ethanol Extraction

Ethanol extraction is very commonly used when dealing with cannabis, CBD, and even THC production. The reason why it is called cryogenic ethanol extraction is that it uses ethanol as the solvent to soak and extract cannabis/plant leaves under a very low temperature for ethanol's low boiling point and easy volatility.

With that being said, the machine to proceed with ethanol extraction is often called centrifuge extractor, and it is usually used by connecting with chillers to keep the temperature inside the machine down so as to fully soak and extract cannabis in a stable state. The centrifuge extractor only washes, agitates, soaks, and then spin-drys to get the most initial crude oil which contains a bit of solvent and needs further steps for refining treatment.

Ethanol extraction can not remove all of the ethanol out of the initial crude oil, so it needs further steps for refining treatments. It will then be proceeded with ethanol recovery by evaporation machines, such as the rotary evaporator, wiped film evaporator, and falling film evaporator. Also, ethanol extraction is mainly used in the cannabis industry.

  • Supercritical Fluid Extraction

Supercritical fluid extraction uses carbon dioxide (CO2) as the solvent. In a normal situation, carbon dioxide stays in a gaseous state. However, under the specific condition, the carbon dioxide will change into a both-gas-and-fluid state. More precisely, when the temperature is higher than 31-celsius degrees and the pressure is higher than 1071 PSI, CO2 steps into the supercritical phase, meaning it becomes fluid featuring the gaseous property.

CO2 is powerful and cheap as the solvent, and its price is so much lower than ethanol, leading to a drastically decreased maintenance cost. When stepping into the supercritical phase, it is time for the CO2 to sparkle its advantages. Since it features both gas and fluid properties, the supercritical CO2 can easily flow through the solids and space due to the gaseous quality and dissolve the materials by the benefit of its fluid attribution. CO2 gains the qualities of low viscosity and no interfacial tension, so the solubility capacity and extraction efficiency are thus improved. Moreover, it will not damage the flavonoids and essences of the material for extraction, which enables it to be largely applied in many industries like coffee, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, essential oil, and perfume.

Unlike ethanol extraction, supercritical extraction does not require the further solvent recovery step because in the final step the chilling effect will make the temperature drop, and the fluid CO2 will instantly change back to gas, thus separating the crude oil and solvent without effort. What's more important is that the supercritical extraction can focus on extracting the specific particle you favor and you have more controlling abilities about the selective compounds you target by changing the pressure and temperature, which the ethanol extraction and BHO extraction are not able to do.

  • Closed-Loop BHO Extraction

Closed-loop butane extraction is also called hydrocarbon extraction since it uses hydrocarbon as the solvent, such as butane and propane. The extraction runs in a closed-loop system that does not require further solvent recovery and the solvent will be recovered and collected in a storage tank within this system.

Like the supercritical extraction, the butane stays in a gaseous state under the normal situation. It will turn into a fluid state, too, if the temperature and pressure change. That is to be said it needs to connect with a chilling machine to keep the inside temperature down, and usually, when the solvent is injected into the storage tank, it is added with enough pressure.

The big difference compared with the other two techniques is this one has a CRC device, which can remedy the color of the cannabis oil. So the extracted oil color looks brighter, clearer, and more transparent. Another point to notice is that the safety requirements and compliance are much stricter than the other two because of the high instability and volatility of butane.

  • Conclusion

In general, all three extraction ways require solvent and chilling machines to continue the extraction process. Ethanol extraction and BHO extraction are usually used in the cannabis industries, however, ethanol extractors can deal with much larger cannabis processing and have higher capacity, if you are a manufacturer or plant, it's better to choose ethanol extraction.

 

Unlike those two, supercritical extraction can be applied in much more industries as mentioned above besides cannabis industries due to its excellent compounds and particle targeting abilities. If you are in the pharmaceutical industry, food industry, cosmetics industry, and perfume industry, and want purer extracted materials, including cannabis oil, this is your best choice.

Hope this article is gonna help you in a way, and if you have more questions regarding the selection or others, or want some suggestions, please feel free to contact us.

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